Investigation of the Ageing Behavior of As-Cast A356 Aluminium Alloy

Sundramohan, Harish (2015) Investigation of the Ageing Behavior of As-Cast A356 Aluminium Alloy. Other thesis, INTI International University.

BMEGI - 52.pdf

Download (651kB) | Preview


Pure aluminum has mechanical properties that are not suitable when it comes to strength factor for commercial uses. Aluminum alloy has been proven to be highly valuable in the car wheels manufacturing industries as well as other industries which manufacture aluminum alloy based, products which commonly is A356 Al alloy. Currently T6 heat treatment is used for A356 aluminum alloy to increase the hardness. The T6 heat treatment process uses artificial ageing which consists of further heating the material at relatively low temperatures (120-210°C) and it ¡s during this stage that the precipitation of dissolved elements occurs. These precipitates are responsible for the strengthening of the material. It is theorized that the ageing temperature and the ageing time interval plays a big factor in the formation of precipitate that determines the peak hardness that can be achieved within acceptable industrial manufacturing time. The T6 heat treatment is highly efficient process and beneficial to the manufacturing industry, but the additional cost and the time taken to produce the alloy are some of the setbacks that need to be overcome. This report aims to find the suitable peak hardness along with a fitting ageing process temperature and time that can reduce time and cost as well as increase production. The sample aluminum alloy was received in as-east condition from AAI (Aluminum Alloy Industries (M) Sdn. Bhd.). The sample consists of four main parts of rim which is the outer & inner flange, spoke and profile. The sample was then cut into smaller pieces, heat treated, grinded and polished before performing hardness test and observing the precipitate distribution in A356 microstructure. The objective of the present work is to establish the hardness vs ageing time curve, microstructure examination for different heat treatment conditions was observed and optimization of the heat treatment was done with a more detailed understanding of the precipitation process. The present experimentation involved cases with different temperatures and the amount of time taken for artificial ageing. The results show that it is possible to reach a high level of hardness within a short period of time as compared as-cast condition. The 2-step ageing process is also analyzed to compare the peak age period and hardness level of the material, 2-step results are then compared with the three different ageing temperatures to conclude which has the most suitable peak hardness for commercial use. �

Item Type: Thesis (Other)
Additional Information: BMEGI 52
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Engineering and Quantity Surveying
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email
Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2016 05:58
Last Modified: 06 Apr 2016 09:48

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item