Empirical models of kinetic rate for river treatment analysis of cellulosic materials

Low, Wen Pei and Mohd Fadhil, Md Din and Chang, Fung-Lung and Siti Nur Fatihah, Moideen and Lee, Yee Yong (2018) Empirical models of kinetic rate for river treatment analysis of cellulosic materials. Journal of Water Process Engineering.


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The utilisation of cellulosic fibre in removing organic and nutrients pollutants in polluted river is becoming an increasingly popular alternative cost-effective and sustainable option. However, the related empirical models are yet to be fully comprehensive to study the adsorption mechanisms of natural adsorbents. This paper discusses developed empirical model used to estimate the mass transfer of organic pollutants into two natural fibres – coconut fibres and oil palm fibres to filter pollutant molecules in water. An empirical model was developed to estimate the mass transfer of organic pollutants in water onto the fibres in a fabricated physical model. The mass transfer relations were derived based on the substrates loading rates and the predicted accumulation rates of substrates in fibres along with the percentage of outflows. Matching empirical results with experimental results showed that the modified model was able to accurately predict the mass transfer rate. The higher adsorption rate of CF (91.02% COD) depicted greater global mass transfer rate (1.3696 d−1) than OPF (82.35% COD) which only had 1.2768 d−1 of global mass transfer rate in 3% of COD outflow. The contribution of internal diffusion mechanism was significant due to the physical (porosity) and chemical (lignin and cellulosic content) characteristics of both CF and OPF. The study concluded that the performance of biological adsorption using CF and OPF is promising. 1. Introduction River has been the source of life since billions of years ago. Early human civilization had mainly flourished at riverbanks, such as Egypt’s Nile River, Indus River valley, and along major rivers in China. River forms a vital part of our ecosystem, providing food and shelter to many organisms, not to forget a mean of transportation for human [1]. In order to preserve its sustainability, it is important that river water bodies and riparian zones are maintained clean so that the delicate life balance is not disrupted. Ironically, as human civilization progresses by leaps and bounds throughout history, we are also stressing our river bodies through the tremendous amount of wastes generated. Many of these wastes are disposed irresponsibly into our river systems, overloading the rivers with excessive amount of nutrients that has resulted in harmful

Item Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of IT Mathematics & Sciences
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email masilah.mansor@newinti.edu.my
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2018 08:44
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2018 08:46
URI: http://eprints.intimal.edu.my/id/eprint/1073

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