The Response of Amabaena Cylindrica to Single and Combined Toxicity of Nickel, Aluminum and Lithium

Tan, Yeong Hwang (2015) The Response of Amabaena Cylindrica to Single and Combined Toxicity of Nickel, Aluminum and Lithium. Other thesis, INTI International University.

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Rapid development of human activities leads to serious metal pollution. In the real polluted environment, the metals usually do not present in single pure form, but occur in mixtures in the environment. Thus, there is a need to study the response of whole cell towards combination of metals in order to develop a whole cell biosensor to detect metal pollutants in environmental samples. The objective of this study was to determine the response of immobilized Anabaena cylindrica toward single and combination toxicity of nickel (Ni), aluminum (Al) and lithium (Li). Three cell concentrations (OD70o= 0.5 A, 1.0 A and 1.5 A) of A. cylindrica from Day 5, 6 and 7 cultures were made and then immobilized with 1% agarose. The immobilized cell were exposed to 0.100 mg/L. Ni and OD4oJ, was measured after 1 hour, 2 hours, 6 hours and 24 hours exposure. Immobilized A. cylindrica taken from Day 5 with OD7o0nni 0.5 A gave the highest response after 2 hour exposure and thus used as the optimized condition for the experiment. The immobilized cells showed the increment in change in absorbance at low concentration of single Ni ions. Decrement in change in absorbance was observed at high concentration of single Ni ions. The exposure to single Al and Li ions showed a decrease trend in change in absorbance with increased concentration. The exposure to the combination of metals indicated that synergistic effect was found in the combination of Ni ÷ Al and Ni + Li. The antagonistic effect was found in the combination Al + Li and Ni + Al + Li. High R2 value for 0.001 mg/L to 0.100 mg/L for single and combined metal exposure indicated that A. cylindrical has the potential for biosensor application to detect single and combined metals. High slope values indicated that A. cylindrica was sensitive to single and combined metals.

Item Type: Thesis (Other)
Additional Information: BBTEI 67
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Biotechnology
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2016 05:49
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2016 05:49

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