Effect of Cognitive Dual Task Training versus Motor Dual Task Training on Balance in Post Stroke Patients

Sukala, N. and V., Rajalaxmi (2021) Effect of Cognitive Dual Task Training versus Motor Dual Task Training on Balance in Post Stroke Patients. INTI JOURNAL, 2021 (07). ISSN e2600-7320

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to compare the effects of cognitive dual task training and motor dual task training on balance in post stroke patients. INTRODUCTION : Stroke is a disease caused by lack of blood supply to the brain following ischemia or haemorrhage. The reduced motility following stroke results in a body imbalance that appears as asymmetric posture, proprioception disorder and abnormal muscle tone that lead to the degeneration of balancing ability. Dual tasks training is a training in which two or more tasks are performed at the same time continuously. The motor dual tasks requires performance of a motor task and a postural control task at the same time and cognition dual tasks requires performance of a cognition task and postural control task simultaneously. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty participants fulfilling the inclusion criteria were selected and divided into 2 groups with 15 participants each. Participants in CDTT or MDTT practiced the cognitive and motor dual tasks respectively while standing on wobble board. The intervention was for 45 minute / session, 5 days/week for 4 weeks Participants were tested before and after the intervention for balance function under cognitive and motor dual task conditions using berg balance scale, stroop test and standing balance test. RESULTS: Mean values of Group A and Group B on berg balance scale, were (49.47) and (47.40) respectively. Mean values of Group A and Group B on standing balance test were (30.07) and (28.80), and the mean values of Group A and Group B on stroop test were (16.73) and (11.47). On comparing pre test and post test values within Group A and Group B on berg balance scale, standing balance test and stroop test shows highly significant difference in mean values at p ≤ 0.001. CONCLUSION: This study concluded that cognitive dual task training is more effective in improving balance in acute stroke patients with balance impairment, when compared to motor dual task training.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Stroke, balance, cognitive dual task, motor dual task.
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email masilah.mansor@newinti.edu.my
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2021 02:15
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2021 02:37
URI: http://eprints.intimal.edu.my/id/eprint/1563

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