Wavelet based hybrid ANN-ARIMA models for meteorological drought forecasting

Md. Munir, Hayet Khan* and Nur Shazwani, Muhammad and Ahmed, El-Shafie (2020) Wavelet based hybrid ANN-ARIMA models for meteorological drought forecasting. Journal of Hydrology, 590 (125380). ISSN 0022-1694

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2020.125380


Drought prediction is an important subject, particularly in drought-hydrology, and has a key role in risk management, drought readiness and alleviation. Hydrological time series data consists of nonlinear features and various time scales. With this view in mind, this study has combined the strengths of the Wavelet transformation, Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) and Artificial Neural Network (ANN) to test a new method of a hybrid model for their ability to accurately predict future droughts. A 30-year rainfall data from the year 1986 to 2016 for Malaysia’s Langat River Basin was analyzed. Meteorological drought indices (DI) such as the Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) and the Standard Index of Annual Precipitation (SIAP) were used to compute historical drought events. At first, each of these computed drought time series went through a process of decomposition to be divided as low frequency and high-frequency sub-series by discrete wavelet transform (DWT). Secondly, the high and low-frequency sub-series were passed through the predictive model of ANN and ARIMA techniques, respectively. Lastly, the predicted sub-series were used to reconstruct and develop a final drought prediction model. It was found that the Wavelet-ARIMA-ANN (which named as W-2A) model outperformed the single ANN and wavelet-ANN predictive models. The ANN model developed by SPI achieved an overall correlation co-efficient R-value of 0.423, but the wavelet-based ANN model decreased in the R-value to 0.415. Finally, two different models, which were established using drought indices SPI and SIAP, and discrete wavelet transformation-based hybrid ANN-ARIMA (W-2A), have achieved improved R values of 0.914 and 0.934 respectively.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ANN-ARIMADiscrete waveletDrought forecastingSIAP and SPI
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering & Quantity Surveying
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email masilah.mansor@newinti.edu.my
Date Deposited: 01 Sep 2020 02:43
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2020 02:43
URI: http://eprints.intimal.edu.my/id/eprint/1398

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