Assessment of Lead and Arsenic in Soils From Paddy Fields

Fauzul, Hafsa Faizal (2017) Assessment of Lead and Arsenic in Soils From Paddy Fields. Other thesis, INTI INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY.

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There are major environmental and health concerns associated with heavy metal contamination in the soil as they are regarded as poisonous trace elements in the environment. The current study examines the concentration of lead (Pb) and arsenic (As) in the paddy field soils which were collected from Bahau, Negeri Sembilan and Sekinchan, Selangor. The total metal concentrations were determined by treating the soil with aqua-regia method as well as sequential extraction technique (SET) to distinguish the origin of heavy metal. The metals EFLE, acid reducible, oxidizable and resistant fractions concentration were determined using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Overall both sites were extremely contaminated by both Pb and As exceeded the permissible limit with the highest value of 5900.00 μg/g dw and 6038.38 μg/g dw when compared with standards of China and Germany. The Pb was found highest at the acid reducible fraction indicating that Fe-Mn concentration is the contributing factor for the fixation of Pb to the soil surface and making them not bioavailable to plants, whereby As was always found in low level compared to Pb in all fractions. Factors such as soil pH, texture, target elements and organic matter content affect the metals bioavailability and their existence in soil. Hence, the metals bioavailability was studied by carrying out the pH analysis and organic matter content of the soil. Soils of Sekinchan showed an alkaline pH 7.05 and Bahau acidic pH of 5.02. Organic matter was higher at Sekinchan fields 124% compared to Bahau which was 88%.

Item Type: Thesis (Other)
Additional Information: BBTEI 148
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Health & Life Sciences
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2018 06:42
Last Modified: 27 Jun 2018 06:42

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